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Reasons for Periorbital Cellulitis

Disperse from a Local Disease

Trauma to the Area

Based on the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, periorbital cellulitis can result from the spread of an disease that originates in the sinuses situated near the nose. The bones between the sinuses and the orbit aren't very thick, therefore the infection can spread to the eyelid tissues. On the other hand, most cases of sinusitis don't trigger periorbital infections. Bacteria that will cause such illness include Streptococcus pneumoniae, Staphylococcus aureus and Haemophilus influenzae, in accordance with EBMedicine.net.

Disease in the Blood

Bacteria from the abscess in the mouth can go to adjacent tissues in the face. Bacteria involved in this sort of illness include Bacteroides and Fusobacterium, based on Christopher S. Kennedy and Mary E. Moffatt in the 2005 publication "Harwood-Nuss' Clinical Practice of Emergency Medicine: 4th Edition."

Any trauma that breaks skin in the eyelid region may lead to peri-orbital cellulitis, based on the U.S. National Library of Medicine. A scratch to an insect or animal bite or the eye lid can enable bacteria to enter the tissues of the eyelid, causing an infection. facial wound that is small may also result in an infection. Bacteria which are generally situated on your skin, like Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis, may function as the cause of these diseases, based on EBMedicine.net. Careful observation of or eyelid injuries can avoid immediate infection and progress.

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